Azithromycin and Its Popular Uses
These days, Azithromycin is often used to treat a range of infections caused by harmful bacteria. It belongs to a group of drugs called macrolide antibiotics, and it works by stopping the bacterial growth in the human body. You shouldn’t take this medication to treat viral infections. It’s necessary to take Azithromycin by mouth (with and without food). Those patients who suffer from stomach ulcers are allowed to use it with meals. Their dosage is always based on response and medical condition, but all doses should be taken at the same time to keep the blood level of Azithromycin constant.
Expected Side Effects and Unwanted Symptoms
This medication may rarely cause unwanted side effects, including:
- Loose stools and diarrhea;
- Upset stomach and pain;
- Vomiting and nausea.
They are mild and don’t affect many patients, but if any of them worsen, you need to call your doctor at once. In rare cases, the intake of Azithromycin may result in the following severe side effects:
- Vision and hearing changes;
- Muscle weakness and allergic reactions;
- Signs of new infections;
- Yellow skin and eyes;
- Difficulty swallowing and speaking;
- Unusual tiredness and dark urine;
- Stomach cramps and blood in your stools;
- Fainting and irregular heartbeats.
If you experience any of these symptoms, you need to go to the hospital immediately. The use of this medication may also cause a serious intestinal condition because of some resistant bacteria. Besides, its prolonged use may lead to a new yeast infection in female patients.
Drug Interactions and Other Contraindications
Before you take the first dose of Azithromycin, consult your doctor, especially if you have any serious health conditions, such as allergies, kidney and liver problems, muscle diseases, heart complications and others. Older patients tend to be more sensitive to the side effects caused by this treatment, especially to QT prolongation. Pregnant and breastfeeding women are allowed to take Azithromycin only after consulting their physicians because of relevant health risks.
All medications are associated with certain drug interactions, and this antibiotic is not an exception. It’s not allowed to combine it with specific medications, such as anti-diarrhea pills, narcotic pain relievers, antacids that contain magnesium and aluminum, live bacterial vaccines and others. In addition, all antibiotics have a negative impact on the effectiveness of birth control pills. That’s why you need to inform your doctors about any other medications that you’re taking to avoid dangerous drug interactions before starting this treatment. The main reason is that they often lead to an increased risk of developing unwanted side effects, reduced effectiveness of Azithromycin and other health dangers. Be sure to make a full list of prescription and over-the-counter drugs, supplements, minerals and vitamins that you take before going to the doctor.